Commenting on research suggesting young people believe cancellation of A-Levels will damage their chances in university applications, Dr Mary Bousted, joint general secretary of the National Education Union, said:

“The National Education Union supports the Sutton Trust’s call for universities to make adjustments and provide support so that students are not disadvantaged either in getting places in their preferred university or in settling in and learning when the time comes. Many will have missed aspects of work because of the crisis and may need additional support.

“This has been a stressful and difficult time and students are anxious about the impact of this year's A level changes on their future choices. The arrangements being put in place, however, are intended to support schools and colleges to make the best judgements possible of their students' attainment. 

“The system also has a process of standardisation in place to guard against unconscious bias and to make the process as fair as possible.

“Some students find the exam process a disadvantage in normal years and don't necessarily feel that they have performed at their best. It is now time to have a serious overhaul of the way we assess and exam young people and end this system of everything resting on one final set of exams.”