Commenting on the NFER study Teacher autonomy: how does it relate to job satisfaction and retention?, Nansi Ellis, assistant general secretary of the National Education Union, said:

“It is clear from this report, and a great many past surveys of the profession, that a lack of autonomy leads to a demoralised workforce.

“Teachers and school leaders need to have the ability to judge what is best for the children and young people they teach. For this reason, large school trusts and their tendency to standardise approaches cause us much concern.

“Teaching is the best job in the world, but piecemeal improvements to teacher pay, an overbearing accountability system and the persistent real-terms cuts to school budgets of recent years have had clear consequences.

“For as long as workload remains high, and teacher morale low, there is every reason to conclude that the crisis in recruitment and retention will continue. For that to happen we certainly need to see an end to high-stakes testing, league tables and an ever-changing, punitive inspection process. Only then will we begin to see an improvement in teacher retention and better outcomes for children and young people.”